The Different Types of Service Animals & How They Can Help

Service animals are unique companions that provide assistance to individuals with certain medical, psychiatric, or mobility-related disabilities. These animals are highly trained to help with a variety of different tasks, and service dogs are generally specialized to provide help with specific disabilities. 

If you are curious about service animals and how they can help, our article will help you understand more about all types of these animals and their role in aiding individuals with disabilities.

What Is a Service Animal?

A service animal is an animal that is specially trained to perform specialized tasks that their owner is either incapable of doing or would have a very hard time doing for themselves. The Americans with Disabilities Act primarily recognizes dogs as service animals, though miniature horses may also be regarded as service animals in certain circumstances.

It’s important to note that service animals are different from emotional support animals (ESA).

While ESAs are similar to service animals, they are used primarily for the emotional comfort they provide. Service animals, on the other hand, are utilized for very specific tasks and functions. Service animals are highly trained animals that are capable of understanding complex situations and accomplishing their tasks even during times of duress. In direct contrast to service animals, ESAs do not require any training and often perform their role by merely existing and supporting their owner.

The highly trained nature of service animals means they can be trained to understand the specific needs of the individual handler to whom they are issued. This training allows them to aid people with all kinds of different disabilities.

What Are the Different Types of Service Animals?

Service animals are intelligent and specially trained animals capable of aiding humans in various functions and tasks. There is no exhaustive list of all possible applications for service animals as more are discovered regularly, but here are some of the most common ways in which service animals help improve the lives of their human counterparts.

Mobility Service Dogs

Those who have difficulties with mobility, such as people who are wheelchair-bound, can take advantage of service animals trained to aid them. Mobility assistance service animals can bring objects to people, press buttons on automatic doors, serve as a brace for people who are ambulatory but unsteady, or even help pull a wheelchair up a ramp.

Much like with other types of service animals, the specific tasks that these animals can be trained for vary and are specialized for the specific needs of the disabled person for whom the service animal is intended. These animals provide aid in whatever way they are capable, and they can help people increase their independence and confidence when going through their daily routines. The assistance of a service animal can make the lives of those with mobility impairments much more enjoyable and safer.

Psychiatric Service Dogs

This versatile category of service animals assists people who are suffering from issues like depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD can afflict people after they’ve served in combat, worked as a first responder, or experienced abuse, natural disasters, terrorism, and other life-altering events such as car crashes.

Additionally, psychiatric service dogs can also aid those who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or all sorts of other emotional and mental disabilities. In the case of many psychiatric conditions, these service animals are trained to be keenly aware of their handler and will help dissuade them from becoming absorbed by repetitive tasks or harming themselves absentmindedly or intentionally.

Guide Service Dogs

This type of service animal is most often paired with individuals who are blind or visually impaired. A guide dog often accompanies his owner wearing a U-shaped harness, which allows the human to control the animal using a series of directional commands. These dogs are trained to identify and avoid potential obstacles both inside and outside of the home. Often, guide dogs are trained to negotiate busy areas, including city sidewalks and public transportation.

Guide animals that aid those who are visually impaired often help those who are blind regain their independence and feeling of security out in public. The assistance of a service animal can help them navigate busy streets and establishments without worrying as much about bumping into people or walking in front of traffic. These service animals can save lives and make daily tasks such as grocery shopping much easier and more pleasant for their handlers.

Hearing Service Dogs

For people with hearing impairments, these types of service animals assist by alerting their humans to noises such as alarms, doorbells, or crying babies. When the animal hears the sound, they’ll touch their humans and lead toward the noise. This can be something as innocuous as alerting their human when a phone is ringing or someone is knocking on the door, but animals trained for aiding those with hearing impairments can also alert their owner if a fire alarm is going off or when traffic is approaching.

Dogs are known to have incredible hearing and are the go-to animal for service animals aimed at helping humans who are limited in their ability to hear. Many deaf or hearing-impaired individuals have their daily lives vastly improved through the use of specially trained hearing-aid dogs.

Diabetic Alert Service Dogs

Amazingly, these types of service dogs can provide independence and security by alerting them to chemical changes in their handler’s blood sugar. These animals can detect scent changes associated with hyperglycemic or hypoglycemic events in diabetics which are imperceptible to humans, but dogs can pick up on them and alert their people to blood sugar highs and lows before the levels become dangerous.

This provides those with diabetes an early warning system to alert them in times when they may need to take an insulin shot or seek out some sort of food or drink to increase their blood sugar level. Service animals trained to provide aid to those with diabetes can make living with diabetes much less scary by providing sufferers with the comfort of knowing they have an animal looking out for them at all times.

Furthermore, these animals can also be trained to draw attention to their owners if the human becomes incapacitated or unable to speak. In times of need, service animals can help save lives and make diabetes easier to manage.

Allergy Detection Service Dogs

Allergy detection service dogs are trained to sniff out and alert to the odor of things such as peanuts or gluten. This ability can be lifesaving for those who suffer from extreme allergies. The modern world in which we live involves foods that come from unknown sources and may be inadvertently compromised by allergens that are not readily apparent. 

Whether the food was accidentally cooked with peanut oil or the packaging itself contains allergens, service animals trained to sniff out specific scents can alert their owners if something dangerous is contained within something they are about to consume.

Seizure Alert Service Dogs

Seizure alert service dogs are trained to assist people who have seizures, and they may be able to alert their owner of an oncoming seizure or activate life-saving alert systems that summon medical help. Seizure alert service dogs may be able to roll a person into the proper recovery position or retrieve medications that can be administered to help put an end to a seizure.

Service animals trained for those who suffer from seizures are often taught to help prevent the person from harming themselves when they fall from the seizure and by attempting to keep them from rolling into the street or into other obstacles. Furthermore, these service animals are trained to bring attention to their owners so others can provide aid or contact emergency services on their behalf.

Autism Service Dogs

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a fairly common condition that affects an estimated 1 in 59 children in the United States today. ASD can cause various social and sensory difficulties for those who suffer from it. Service animals can be specially trained to help make life easier for those who suffer from autism in many different ways.

Service animals help increase a person’s safety and sense of security through their presence and the actions they can take on behalf of their handler. In addition to improving an autistic person’s quality of life by reducing isolation and comforting the person in stressful times, these animals are also trained to keep children from running away and can often track the children if they do run off.

Different Types of Service Dogs and Their Tasks

There are many different types of service dogs around today, and service dogs are amazing companions with the capacity to greatly improve the lives of the individuals they work with. Our article gives you an idea of the many tasks and disabilities that service dogs can provide assistance with.

If you feel like you would benefit from the help of a service dog, reach out to your mental healthcare or medical provider and discuss adding a service dog to your treatment and care plan today. You can also reach out to US Service Animals to find out if you qualify and to begin training your own service dog if you do.